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During the inevitable droughts and deprivations of desert frontier days, mesquite trees served up the primary food source for caravans and settlers. Kendall quoted by Ken E. Rogers in The Magnificent Mesquite in his journal.

Like many members of the legume family called Fabaceae these daysmesquite restores nitrogen to the soil. There are three common species of mesquite: honey mesquite Prosopis glandulosascrewbean mesquite Prosopis pubescens and velvet mesquite Prosopis velutina.

Mesquite beans, durable enough for years of storage, became the livestock feed of choice when pastureland grasses failed due to drought or overgrazing. They were carried by early freighters, who fed the beans to their draft animals, especially in Mexico. Although often crooked in shape, mesquite tree branches, stable and durable, filled the need for wood during the construction of Spanish missions, colonial haciendas, ranch houses and fencing.

Its wood served artisans in the crafting of furniture, flooring, paneling and sculpture. Mesquites, requiring little water and only low maintenance, have found a place in Southwest xeriscaped gardens and parks. They not only produce beans and blooms that attract wildlife, they provide perches and nesting sites for birds, including hummingbirds.

In the frontier days, according to Dobie, mesquites were used by the Indians and the settlers as a source of many remedies for a host of ailments.

Indians and settlers believed tea made from the mesquite root or bark cured diarrhea. Boiled mesquite roots yielded a soothing balm that cured colic and healed flesh wounds.

Mesquite leaves, crushed and mixed with water and urine, cured headaches. Mesquite gum preparations soothed ailing eyes, eased a sore throat, cleared up dysentery and relieved headaches. Note: Medical studies of mesquite and other desert foods say that despite its sweetness, mesquite flour made by grinding whole pods "is extremely effective in controlling blood sugar levels" in people with diabetes.

The sweetness comes from fructose, which the body can process without insulin. In addition, soluble fibers, such as galactomannin gum, in the seeds and pods slow absorption of nutrients, resulting in a flattened blood sugar curve, unlike the peaks that follow consumption of wheat flour, corn meal and other common staples. Mesquites, including the three species in our southwestern deserts, belong to the legume family, which ranks near the top of plants especially adapted to an arid environment.

Typically, the legumes, which have woody stems and branches, produce bipinnately compound leaves leaves with two or more secondary veins, each with two rows of leaflets. They bear flowers that have five petals, then produce abundant large seedpods that serve as a nutritious food source for wildlife. Mesquites grow wide-spreading and deep-reaching root systems that host colonies of bacteria that can fix nitrogen, one of the minerals most important to plant germination and growth.

The three species of mesquites, which include the honey mesquite, the velvet mesquite and the screwbean mesquite, share various characteristics. They range from a few feet to 10 to 15 feet in height, although the honey and velvet mesquites may reach 30 to 60 feet in especially favorable settings. They may have single or multiple-branched stems, with each plant assuming its own distinctive shape — and come armed with thorns on their smaller branches.

They produce pods that contain hard and long-lasting seeds that must be scarified cut or slit before they will germinate. Mesquites have lateral roots that extend far beyond the canopies of the plants and taproots that penetrate well below the surface of the soil. Some mesquites may live for more than two centuries according to Thomas B.

Wilson, Robert H.Learn about Housing in Mesquite - The housing market in Mesquite is a dynamic one. The housing market in Mesquite is a dynamic one, and the numbers below are approximations representing a broad picture of the market. For the most current information, contact a licensed Mesquite realtor or consult the Mesquite Multiple Listing Service.

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Senior Services Senior Services. Utilities Utilities. Demographics Demographics Demographics. Climate Climate Climate. Housing Housing Housing. Maps Maps Maps. Business Center Business Center. Employment Opportunities Employment Opportunities.Any of various small spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Prosopis of the pea family, native to hot, dry regions chiefly of the Americas and important as a source of firewood, nectar for honeybees, and forage for cattle.

The pods of most species are edible. Also called algaroba. Also called: algarrobahoney locust or honey mesquite. Switch to new thesaurus. Prosopis pubescensscrewbeanscrewbean mesquitetornilloscrew bean - shrub or small tree of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico having spirally twisted pods.

Mentioned in? References in classic literature? A Newspaper Reporter who had just arrived escaped by climbing a hill near by, and there he found the Sole Survivor of the expedition - a mule-driver - down on his knees behind a mesquite bush, praying with extreme fervour.

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For two days and nights, crouching behind a rock topped with a growth of mesquiteand with the cliff at my back, suffering agonies of thirst and absolutely hopeless of deliverance, I fought the fellows at long range, firing occasionally at the smoke of their rifles, as they did at that of mine.

To get rid of invasive mesquite trees from the sultanate, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries MoAF has called on Omani institutions and international companies to participate in a bidding process. NGL Energy to buy Mesquite assets. New Gold Sells Mesquite Mine. The district released a statement saying, " Mesquite ISD The Mesquite Independent School District is focused on meeting the emotional needs of our students and staff members as they cope with the many feelings stirred by the case surrounding Jordan Edwards' death.

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See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near mesquite Mesozoic Mespilus mesquital mesquite Mesquite mesquite bean mesquite grass. Accessed 19 Apr. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for mesquite mesquite.

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Log In. Mesquite geographical name. Illustration of mesquite Noun mesquite: 1 flower and leaves, 2 pod In the meaning defined above.

Examples of mesquite in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web: Noun This sandstone edifice impolitely and arrogantly rises out of the mauve mesquiteall rusty, stained, and as vertical as the Eiffel Tower, if the Eiffel Tower happened to stand some feet erect in outback Utah. First Known Use of mesquite Nounin the meaning defined above. Keep scrolling for more. Learn More about mesquite. Time Traveler for mesquite The first known use of mesquite was in See more words from the same year.Based on language used in the directive and Sisolak's comments Wednesday night, here is what the stay at home order means.

Nevada's brothel, strip club workers are unemployed during coronavirus closures. Here's what Southern Utahns can expect when getting tested. The coronavirus pandemic has found ways to affect everyone, and especially those who have been planning one of the biggest days of their lives. Arts organizations are financially reeling despite their efforts to come up with creative solutions. Here are five ways to make sure your hard drive is in good shape while using Windows From George Cox.

Tiz the Law strode to an easy win Saturday, earning big points toward qualifying for the Kentucky Derby. A slow start left perennial favorite Darwin Wimer way back on his Mesquite bowling season, but he roared back and claimed his 11th straight title.

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Want your battery to last as long as possible? Follow these simple tips to extend your laptop life for the long run. Gayla Ruesch, who once ranked as the top bowler in St. George, is now rolling in Mesquite and had the top scores last week. How to deal with the Windows 10 Y3K bug. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints said Thursday it is suspending all worship services because of the spread of the coronavirus.

Coronavirus is making the headlines and it's still flu and cold season. Here are some tips on how to prevent a virus from getting you down.

An impressive performance at Aqueduct could lead Mischevious Alex to bigger things later in the season, writes Pete Monaco. The first known case of the new coronavirus has arrived in Utah, state and local health officials said Friday night.

Moving to St. George left this bowler without a place to play. So he took the short trip to Mesquite and is starting to tear up the lanes there. Cyber criminals are using a technique called pixel-tracking to scam you. Here is how to identify an email that could be trouble. So many data breaches have happened recently that it is hard to keep track of them all. Don't fall for this scam site that promises repayment.


Darwin Wimer's slow start to the bowling season quickly becoming a dim memory after a stretch of plus scores in recent weeks. A dominating win, a pair of jockey injuries and the loss of a legendary race horse are among the items covered this week by Pete Monaco. A Mesquite bowler who was previously a medal-winning pickleball player is serving up big scores at the Virgin River Bowling Center lanes. Calling the new Microsoft Edge browser a "brilliant" option for PC users, George Cox explains some easy ways to make the most of your experience.

Results from three different races on Saturday could help determine which horses make it to Churchill Downs on May 2, writes Pete Monaco. Following a few basics can go a long way to protecting your information online, writes George Cox in this week's 'PC Periodicals. Alan Jacobson capped an unforgettable week by joining a select group as the 12th bowler with a series at the Virgin River Bowling Center.Trip Dispatch: How to live it up on back-to-back weekends in Las Vegas.

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Mesquite Casinos. Mesquite Spa Resorts. Mesquite Resorts. By Hotel Class. Popular Amenities. Mesquite Hotels with Pools. Pet Friendly Hotels in Mesquite. Popular Mesquite Categories. Mesquite Hotels with Hot Tubs.Mesquite is a common name for several plants in the genus Prosopiswhich contains over 40 species of small leguminous trees.

They are native to the southwestern United States and Mexico except the creeping mesquitewhich is native to Argentinabut invasive in southern California.

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The mesquite originates in the Tamaulipan mezquital ecoregion, in the deserts and xeric shrublands biome, located in the southern United States and northeastern Mexico. It has extremely long roots to seek water from very far under ground.

As a legume, mesquite is one of the few sources of fixed nitrogen in the desert habitat. This tree blooms from spring to summer. It often produces fruits known as "pods". Prosopis spp. It is deciduous and depending on location and rainfall can have either deep or shallow roots.

Prosopis is considered long-lived because of the low mortality rate after the dicotyledonous stage and juveniles are also able to survive in conditions with low light and drought. The Cahuilla indigenous people of western North America were known to eat the seeds of mesquite. The loss of North American megafauna at the end of the Pleistocene era gave way to one theory of how the Prosopis spp. One theory is that the loss of the megafauna allowed Prosopis spp.

Another is that Prosopis spp. They may have one or multiple trunks with a multitude of branches. They have bipinnate leaflets of a light green to blue hue that cast a light to deep shade, depending on the species.

Many varieties form thorns. When cut to the ground, the tree can often recover. Once the pod is dry, the whole pod is edible and can be ground into flour and made into bread. Mesquite is native to the US and can be used as a type of lumber. It was a popular type of wood used by early Spaniards to build ships, but is now used most commonly for high-end rustic furniture and cabinets.

Scraps and small pieces are used commonly as wood for cooking with smoke in Southern states. Red-orange sap can be found on the branches of mesquite trees during the summer. This sap was used by those who lived in the desert for several medicinal treatments. The sap was used as a salve and spread on burns and cuts to speed up the healing process.


Gargling a mixture of water and sap was used to soothe sore throats, and the same mixture was said to be able to cure upset stomachs. Honey mesquite has been introduced to parts of AfricaAsiaand Australia and is considered by the World Conservation Union as one of the world's most problematic invasive species.

Their impacts on the invaded ecosystems include changes to hydrological, energy, and nutrient cycling, as well as consequences to biodiversity and primary production.



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